Extreme temperatures can create a major health hazard, especially to the elderly and young. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is awarding states and cities funding to help create programs that will address the potential dangers that can arise from overly hot or cold weather conditions.
National Center for Environmental Health climate change program director George Luber says funding such programs is necessary. As the weather conditions fluctuate, certain areas may see an increased frequency in days with temperatures in excess of 97 degrees, for example.
"Many of the potential health effects of climate change are related to threats we already face, including heat waves, extreme weather events, and emerging infectious diseases," says Luber. "These threats may seem overwhelming, but by state and local health departments preparing through necessary planning and adaptation, communities can be ready for these changes and remain safer and healthier when they do occur."
During heat waves, the Massachusetts Emergency Management Agency suggests that those without air conditioning try to spend time on the lowest floor in their home and out of the sun. In extreme cases, a person can die from prolonged exposure to excessive temperatures. Such incidences highlight the importance of having life insurance as one cannot predict the effects climate may have.